The Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) is supporting the development of a regulatory toolkit, which provides a menu of options for developing and transitional countries to match cleaner fuels to plausible vehicle improvements. A systems approach to fuels and vehicles standards and regulations will ensure that countries apply a long term strategy and outlook to their roadmap towards cleaner fuels and vehicles regulation and link the phased introduction of cleaner fuels with those of cleaner vehicles.
While developed countries have made major investments to reduce vehicles emissions, the same is not true for developing and transitional countries. Thus similar approaches to promote the use of cleaner fuels and vehicles need to be adopted by developing and transitional countries, where the bulk of vehicle growth is now taking place.
The objective of the regulatory toolkit is to build on on-going support by the PCFV to developing and transitional countries to introduce 50 ppm sulphur fuels; adopt more efficient vehicle technologies; and implement vehicle emissions standards that will ultimately improve air quality and health in these countries.
In September 2014 UNEP partnered with the Environmental Compliance Institute (ECI), a non-governmental body that provides the Secretariat of the East African Network for Environmental Compliance & Enforcement (EANECE), to pilot the toolkit in East Africa. East Africa was selected for the piloting because the sub-region is in the process of switching to harmonized low sulphur fuel standards (50 ppm diesel and 150 ppm petrol) from January 2015. A sub-regional workshop was held in Kenya on 15-16 September, followed by national workshops in Tanzania (18 September), Uganda (22 September), Rwanda (24 September), Burundi (26 September) and Ethiopia (29 September).
The objectives of the workshops were to:
- Sensitize stakeholders on the need for a systems approach to the adoption of cleaner fuels and vehicle emission standards;
- Present the draft regulatory toolkit to stakeholders with the aim of incorporating the comments received during these workshops into the toolkit before it is finalized;
- Providing practical options to decision makers on implementation and enforcement of a systems approach.
More details about the toolkit and the piloting workshops are available at http://www.unep.org/Transport/new/pcfv/africa/ea_regulatorytoolkit.asp